Learning Disabilities & ESL

Addressing potential impediments to learning with ESOL students. (Online) In Focus on Basics,Vol. 8, issue D, p. 20-25.
Robin Lovrien Schwarz. 2007.
Available at http://www.ncsall.net/fileadmin/resources/fob/2007/fob_8d.pdf

Assessing learning disabilities in ESL. (Online)
Pearl Pirie. 2002.
Available at http://www.teslontario.org/uploads/research/ESLLDStrategies.pdf
»Notes from an Ottawa ESL teacher provides information on learning disabilities, how to distinguish them from other obstacles to learning in ESL learners, and effective teaching strategies.

Brain-compatible differentiated instruction for English language learners.
Marjorie Hall Haley. Montreal: Allyn & Bacon, 2010.
»The purpose of this book is to prepare teachers to effectively teach brain-compatible differentiated lessons to English language learners while developing students’ language ability. Includes both theory and practical lesson plans. Intended for K-12 teachers, but background information and process can be useful to adult educators.

Cultural adjustment, mental health, and ESL.(Online)
Myrna Ann Adkins, Dina Birman & Barbara Sample. Washington, DC: Spring Institute, 1999.
Available for download at http://www.spring-institute.org/?action=publications
»Looks at mental health and the refugee experience and what this means to the ESL classroom. Contains ESL activities to address mental health issues.

Empower English language learners with tools from the Web.
Lori Langer de Ramirez. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin, 2010.
»This book looks at the use of blogs, wikis, podcasts, YouTube, TeacherTube, Flickr and VoiceThread in teaching English language learners.

English language learners with reading disabilities: a review of the literature and the foundation for a research agenda. (Online)
Jane R. Shore & John Sabatini. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service, 2009.
Available at http://www.ets.org/Media/Research/pdf/RR-09-20.pdf
»This research paper looks at identifying reading difficulties/disabilities in K-12 English language learners and what can be done to support reading instruction for ELLs with reading disabilities.

ESL instruction and adults with learning disabilities. (Online)
Robin Schwarz & Lynda Terrill. Washington, DC: CAELA, 2000.
Available at http://www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/digests/LD2.html
»Brief overview of information on identification, assessment, and instructional methods.

Fifty strategies for teaching English language learners. 3rd ed.
Adrienne L. Herrell. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall, 2008.
»Designed for K-12 teachers, this book presents 50 strategies for teaching English as a second language. It includes step by step instructions for implementing each strategy as well as examples of the strategy in action. Many of the strategies may be adapted for adult learners.

A guide to learning disabilities for the ESL classroom practitioner. (Online)
Christine Root. Washington, DC: LD OnLine, 1994.
Available at http://www.ldonline.org/article/8765
»Looks at behaviours associated with learning disabilities and techniques to improve the classroom environment for people with learning disabilities. Based largely on work with children, but also of value to adult teachers.

Language disabilities in cultural and linguistic diversity.
Deirdre Martin. Toronto, Ont.: Multilingual Matters, 2009.
»This book presents a socio-cultural approach to language disabilities – specific language impairment, communication difficulties, dyslexia and deafness. It looks at how language disabilities are influenced by experiences of multilingualism, culture, ethnicity and race. It is intended for students, professionals and policy makers in education and health who are interested in disability and language disabilities in multilingual and multicultural contexts.

Language learners with special needs: an international perspective.
Judith Kormos & Edith H. Kontra (Eds). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 2008.
»In this book language learning refers to learning a second language. ItThis book gives readers insight into the second language learning process of learners with disabilities. The chapters discuss the learning process and the teaching of dyslexic as well as hearing impaired learners in various parts of the world. The articles are academically oriented.

LD and the English language learner. (Online)
Robin Schwarz. 2006.
Available at http://ldlink.coe.utk.edu/esl_ld.htm
»This paper looks at how LD affects foreign/second language learners, issues and problems in identifying LD in ESOL learners, and how to support adult ESOL learners with LD.

Learner English: a teacher’s guide to interference and other problems.
Michael Swan & Bernard Smith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
»With a chapter for each of 22 different language backgrounds, this book describes and explains the characteristic pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and other mistakes of learners who speak English as a second language.

Learning disabilities checklist.(Online)
Bow Valley College. Vancouver, BC: ELSA Net, 2000(?).
Available at http://elsanet.org/newsletters/newsletter_fall09_learning.pdf
»Designed for adult ESL literacy programs, this comprehensive checklist helps instructors determine if their student has a learning disability. This is not a formal assessment but can be used to identify patterns of difficulty. Strategies for teaching learning disabled students follow.

Links in learning: a manual linking second language learning, literacy and learning disabilities. (Online)
Pat Hatt & Eva Nichols. 1995.
Available at http://atwork.settlement.org/downloads/linc/LnksLrn.pdf
»Designed to inform teachers working in ESL literacy programs about how to identify learning disabilities in their students and how to modify their teaching.

Literacy for deaf immigrant adults: a symposium for collaboration and learning: final report. (Online)
Sarah E. Eaton. Calgary, AB: Bow Valley College, 2009.
Available at http://www.en.copian.ca/library/research/bowvalley/deafimm/deafimm.pdf

Literature review of ESOL for learners with learning difficulties and/or disabilities.
Derrick Armstrong & Vickie Heathcote. London, UK: National Research and Development Centre for Adult Literacy and Numeracy, 2003.
Also available online at http://www.nrdc.org.uk/publications_details.asp?ID=13
»This literature review provides background information on adult English as a second language learners who are also learning disabled, i.e. deaf, hard of hearing, blind, dyslexic, physically handicapped, have learning difficulties or have mental health difficulties. Theoretical, practical and research-based material is reviewed.

Mental health and the adult refugee: the role of the ESL teacher. (Online)
Myrna Ann Adkins & Barbara Sample. Washington, DC: CAELA, 1999.
Available at http://www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/digests/mental.html
»Briefly discusses qualities of mental health, stresses faced by refugees, and three things teachers can do to help students adjust.

Multilingualism, literacy, and dyslexia: a challenge for educators.
Lindsay Peer & Gavin Reed (Eds.). London: David Fulton, 2000.
»Writings on the issues and challenges of dyslexia in second language learning. While most articles focus on children, there is a section on dyslexia in adults and university students.

Multiple intelligences and language learning: a guidebook of theory, activities, inventories, and resources.
Mary Ann Christison. Burlingame, CA: Alta Book Center, 2005.
»This book provides an introduction to multiple intelligences theory and looks at how it can be used in language teaching. Over 160 practical, user-friendly activities are sorted by age and language level. Suggestions are made for lesson planning and curriculum development structured around MI theory. Includes photocopiable activity handouts.

Multiple intelligences in EFL: exercises for secondary and adult students.
Herbert Puchta & Mario Rinvolucri. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
»The 74 activities in this book demonstrate how multiple intelligences theory can be used in designing language lessons for adolescent and adult students learning English as a second language.

Reading and adult English Language Learners: a review of the research.
Miriam Burt, Joy Kreeft Peyton & Rebecca Adams. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics, National Center for ESL Literacy Education, 2003.
»“The purpose of this paper is to give practitioners, graduate students, researchers, and policy makers information about what is known about how adult English language learners learn to read in English, what types of activities facilitate this process, and what research still needs to be done.”

Taking a closer look at struggling ESOL learners. (Online) In Focus on Basics, v. 8, iss. A.
Robin L. Schwarz. Boston, Mass.: NCSALL/World Education, 2005.
Available at http://www.ncsall.net/?id=994
»Looks at possible multiple causes of learning difficulties in ESL learners.

Taking action: a resource guide for instructors serving ESL adults with learning difficulties or learning disabilities.
Juline Thomley, Patty Mensing & Charles LaRue. Minneapolis, MN: LDA of Minnesota, 2003.
»This resource guide covers ESL trends, learning disability definitions and applications, language acquisition, factors that impact learning, best practice strategies for ESL learners, and the influence of pre-literacy. It also includes a screening tool for ESL adults, a reading assessment for preliterate adults, and a model for LD assessment of ESL learners.

Trauma and the adult English language learner.(Online)
Janet Isserlis. Washington, DC: CAELA, 2000.
Available at http://www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/digests/trauma2.html
»Describes trauma and abuse in immigrant communities, discusses the effects of trauma on learning, and suggests ways to modify instruction to facilitate learning.

Understanding learning disabilities in the ESL context. (DVD-ROM)
ELSA Net. Vancouver, BC : ELSA Net, 2011.
»This resource contains the text of 2 modules and 5 topics from an in person professional development course for ESL instructors. Presented by Robin Lovrien Schwarz, the course was titled “Inclusive classrooms for learning disabilities” and covered learning disabilities in adult ESL learners. The DVD also includes course readings and materials developed by course participants.

Why do English language learners struggle with reading? : distinguishing language acquisition from learning disabilities.
Janette K. Klingner, John J. Hoover & Leonard M. Baca (Eds). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008.
»This research-based guide looks at methods for determining whether English language learners are having reading difficulties that are related to language acquisition or learning disabilities. It offers a variety of best practices for use in school classrooms. Focuses on school age children.