Question 1: Can you name the nine Essential Skills?
Answer: The 9 essential skills are:
2. Document Use
5. Oral Communication
6. Working with Others
8. Digital Technology
9. Continuous Learning
Question 2: How many British Columbians in the work force do not have the literacy and essential skills to successfully participate in a knowledge economy?
Answer: c) Almost 600,000.
According to Skills for Growth: British Columbia’s Labour Market Strategy to 2020, approximately 600,000 working-age British Columbians – over one quarter of those currently employed – do not have the minimum literacy and essential skills required to successfully participate in a knowledge economy.
Question 3: Which one of the following actresses was inducted into the American National Inventors Hall of Fame?
Answer: c) Hedy Lamarr
Actress Hedy Lamarr (Hedy Kiesler Markey) became friends with avant-garde composer George Antheil in 1940. Lamarr, while working in Hollywood as an actress, had numerous other interests. Quite quickly, their conversations turned to more technical matters, specifically torpedoes.
Together they made an odd pair of weapons developers, but their backgrounds were full of experiences that provided inspiration for their innovations. At 19, Lamarr had married Friedrich Mandl, a munitions manufacturer, from whom she was forced to flee in 1937, but from whom she serendipitously learned a lot about various weapons technology, including torpedo control systems. Antheil was familiar with remote control technology and spread spectrum sequences that he had used in his avant-garde compositions and performances. Together, they developed their frequency hopping communications system.
In August 1942, they were granted a patent for a “Secret Communication System” that would reduce the danger of detection or jamming for radio-controlled torpedoes. Subsequent patents in frequency changing have referred to the Lamarr-Antheil patent as the basis of the field, and the concept lies behind the principal anti-jamming devices used today. Neither Lamarr nor Antheil ever received royalty payments for the commercialization of their patent.
Lamarr and Antheil were inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2014.